Exercising with knee pain is a catch-22. The research shows the most effective treatment for a variety of knee pain is to manage the pain through exercises. However, some knee pain is so severe it may prevent you from doing so. This is where a guided exercise program, built for what you and your knee can handle is important.
According to current research, the prevalence of knee pain has been increasing over the past 20 years. While there are many factors which can lead to knee pain, both obesity and joint alignment have been found to have a significant impact on predicting knee pain or osteoarthritis (1). Weight has a profound impact on the knee. During walking, your knees are subject to four times your body weight in pressure (2,3). Yes, that means losing ten pounds can take off forty pounds of pressure from your knee with every step taken! Weight loss (if necessary) is a good place to start, but what can you safely do if your knees hurt during physical activity?
Strength, Balance, & Flexibility
Strength, balance, and flexibility are both crucial pieces of the puzzle. When developing a strength and balance program, it’s important to think of your body as a whole. Initial steps to building your exercise program will target the areas AROUND your knee, versus specifically the knee itself. The entire concept revolves around the idea of improving the supporting cast. If everything around your knee is strong, balanced, and mobile, your knee does not work as hard, therefore, reducing pain. In fact, one research study found that by improving glute (aka hip) strength, participants reported less knee pain while negotiating stairs (4). The same philosophy can be applied to flexibility. Addressing tightness at the hip and ankle versus at your knee, will allow your knee to function better, without aggravating your injury.
Flying Below the Radar
Powering through pain to achieve weight loss or strength goals will only flare up the pain you have. It is important to find exercises you can do successfully, without knee pain and build from there. A gradual strengthening program can be used to slowly increase the load (work) to the knee, improving its tolerance to exercise. You’ll be looking to fly below the symptom radar. There are multiple adjustments that can be made to any exercise program to make you more successful. This can be as simple as modifying your foot position, depth of an exercise, or even replacing it all together. Be careful with seated machines that emphasize kicking and pulling motions early on, as they isolate the knee and aggravate symptoms.
Avoiding Provocative Tasks
When experiencing knee pain, it’s important to remove tasks that aggravate symptoms. You can be doing all the right things, but if you offset it with compromising positions and tasks, you’ll likely struggle to improve. For a large percentage of patients, a successful exercise program can not only slow the progression of wear and tear, but may restore full, pain-free function. Be sure to add strength and flexibility around your knee. Remember to fly below the symptom radar, if it hurts, don’t do it! Try to modify or initiate an exercise program that emphasizes low impact on the knee, such as biking and non-weight bearing exercise, and then progress to higher functioning activities, such as squatting and lunging as your build strength.
Knee pain is a common occurrence that can impact function and quality of life. There are factors to knee pain that are out of your control however there are several factors that can be addressed to avoid the onset of knee pain or to recover faster.
If you are living with knee pain during your daily life, click the link below to schedule your free discovery visit with a physical therapist.
1. Nguyen US, Zhang Y, Zhu Y, Niu J, Zhang B, Felson DT. Increasing prevalence of knee pain and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: survey and cohort data. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Dec 6;155(11):725-32.
2. Felson D, Goggins J, Niu J, Zhang Y, Hunter D. The effect of body weight on progression of knee osteoarthritis is dependent on alignment. Arthritis & Rheumatism 2004 Dec;50(1):3904-3909.
3. Messier S, Gutekunst D, Davis C, DeVita P. Weight loss reduces knee-joint loads in overweight and obese older adults with knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism July 2005;52(7):2026-2032.
4. Brindle TJ, Mattacola C, McCrory J. Electromyographic changes in the gluteus medius during stair ascent and descent in subjects with anterior knee pain. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2003 Jul;11(4):244-251.